Anne Roe Career Development Theory Pdf File

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Anne Roe (1904 – May 29, 1991) was an American clinical psychologist and researcher who studied creativity and occupational psychology. Her publications included The Making of a Scientist (1953) and the Psychology of Occupations (1956).



Career Research. Career Research » Career Development » Roe’s Theory of Personality Development and Career Choice. Anne Roe (1904—1991) was born and raised in Denver, Colorado. Upon graduating from the University of Denver, she attended Columbia University, following the recommendation of Thomas Garth. Ann Roe's theory is the most deterministic approach. Roe believed that the type of parenting one receives influences the career choice of child - innate tendencies and expression of needs. Career choices gratify one's needs. Children whose parents provide a warm, accepting, and protected environment choose person-oriented occupations. Also, according to Roe’s theory, career choice has a lot to do with psychological needs which develop through the child’s interactions with caretakers and/or parents, that is, people make career choices based on the nature of relationships with their caretakers from birth. Anne Roe Career Development Theory Pdf Merge Download. Court of Appeals of Virginia Published Opinions in PDF Format. These opinions are available as Adobe Acrobat PDF documents. The Adobe Acrobat Viewer (free from Adobe) allows you to view and print PDF documents. Commonwealth of Virginia 0.

Born in Denver, Colorado, her parents were Charles Edwin Roe and Edna Blake. There were three siblings. Roe received her Bachelor's (1923) and Master's (1925) degrees from the University of Denver. She received her Ph.D. at Columbia University (1933). Five years later, she married the paleontologist George Gaylord Simpson. She became stepmother to his four daughters. Roe served as a research associate and professor at Harvard's Graduate School of Education before founding and directing the school's Center for Research on Careers. In 1963, Roe became full professor, the ninth woman in the history of Harvard University to become a tenured faculty member, and the first woman to be tenured in the Harvard Faculty of Education.[1] In 1967, the Roes retired in Tucson, Arizona, where she held an adjunct lectureship position at the University of Arizona.[2] She died on Wednesday, May 29 at her home in Tucson, Arizona.[3]

Transcript of Ann Roe Theory of Career Choice and Development. This experience reinforce his belief about classification. Holland’s Theory (1985), contents that every individual resembles one of six basic personality types and as result manifest some of the behaviours and traits associated with the type.

Body of work[edit]

Her research included the psychology of people of superior intellect, alcoholism and its effect on creative artists and creativity in scientists. She wrote more than 100 books and articles, including 'The Making of a Scientist,' published in 1952 by Dodd, Mead. There is also an extensive synopsis of her work in 'Work and Human Behavior'.[4]

Selected works include:

  • Roe, A. (1953). A psychological study of study of eminent psychologists and anthropologists, and a comparison with biological and physical scientists. 'Psychological Monographs,'67(2): 212-224.
  • Roe, A. (1953). 'The making of a scientist.' New York, NY: Dodd, Mead.
  • Roe, A. (1956). 'The psychology of occupations.' New York, NY: John Wiley & Sons.
  • Roe, A. (1970). A survey of alcohol education in elementary and high schools in the United States. 'Quarterly Journal of Studies on Alcohol, 3,' 3-132.
  • Roe, A. (1972). 'Womanpower: How is it different?' New York, NY: Columbia University Press.
  • Roe, A. (1972). 'Perspectives on vocational development.' Washington, DC: American Personnel and Guidance, Association.
  • Roe, A. (1972). 'Womanpower: How is it different?' New York: Columbia University Press.
  • Roe, A. & Simpson, G.G. (Eds.). (1958). 'Behavior and evolution.' New Haven, CT: Yale University Press.
  • Simpson, G.G. & Roe, A. (1939). 'Quantitative zoology; numerical concepts and methods in the study of recent and fossil animals.' New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company.

Awards and Leadership Positions[edit]

Lifetime Career Award from the National Vocational Guidance Association in 1967

Leona Tyler award from the Clinical Psychology Division of the American Psychological Association (APA) in 1984

President of the American Board of Professional Psychology between 1953 and 1959

Founder and president of the New England Psychological Association.[1]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ab'Anne Roe - Psychology's Feminist Voices'. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  2. ^'Anne Roe papers, 1949-1974 (bulk)'. American Philosophical Society. Retrieved 22 November 2015.
  3. ^'Anne Roe Simpson, 87, A Clinical Psychologist'. The New York Times. 1991-06-04. ISSN0362-4331. Retrieved 2015-11-22.
  4. ^Neff, Walter S. Work and Human Behavior. Transaction Publishers. ISBN9781412841795.
Retrieved from ''

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According to career counseling expert Vernon Zunker, career development theory emerged in the late 1890s. Placement services offered vocational guidance to match a person's skills and abilities with the requirements of a job. Now, career development theories tend to cover traits, learning and development. These theories help explain why people choose and succeed in specific jobs. By understanding gender roles, social norms and other environmental and cultural factors, you can better guide your own career and advise others as well.

Trait Theories

Traits such as aptitude, interests and personality influence career choices. Trait-based theories involve matching people to work environments. Using this type of career development theory, you must observe and participate in the work environment to adequately ascertain if it is the right fit for you. For example, the American psychologist John Holland defined a system to classify jobs and work personalities. Realistic people tend to prefer working with concrete ideas rather than abstract theories. Investigative types like to observe and organize information. Artistic people dislike structure and rules. Social people prefer teaching or helping others. Enterprising individuals enjoy talking. Conventional people like structure and order.

Learning and Cognitive Theories

Social learning theories place an emphasis on self knowledge. When you have the right skills and knowledge and believe in your ability to succeed, you tend to have a higher impact and greater success rate. For example, career theorist John Krumboltz developed the Happenstance Learning Theory and advocates teaching people how to create and take advantage of unplanned events. By capitalizing on these opportunities, you can better approach an unpredictable work environment.


Developmental career theories purport that individuals adapt in stages to changing roles. Career counseling using this type of theory involves assisting clients to accurately assess themselves. For example, career theorist Donald Super emphasizes that your self-concept changes over time as a direct result of your experiences. Career development becomes an ever-evolving process. His five career development stages include growth, exploratory, establishment, maintenance and decline.


Apply career development theories to better identify career areas that fit your interests and aspirations. By using self-guided assessment tools found on sites such as the CareerOneStop website, you examine how your personality fits into certain careers. This helps you define your action plan for setting a career path. Effective career counselors help clients make use of tips, tools, techniques and resources for identifying the right field. When you work at a job you enjoy, your performance and satisfaction tends to be higher.

References (4)

  • Luck is No Accident: Making the Most of Happenstance in Your Life and Career; John D. Krumholtz and Al S. Levin

Resources (3)

  • Career Counseling: A Holistic Approach; Vernon G. Zunker

About the Author

Tara Duggan is a Project Management Professional (PMP) specializing in knowledge management and instructional design. For over 25 years she has developed quality training materials for a variety of products and services supporting such companies as Digital Equipment Corporation, Compaq and HP. Her freelance work is published on various websites.

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Duggan, Tara. 'Introduction to Career Development Theory.' Work -, Accessed 30 August 2019.

Anne Roe Career Development Theory Pdf File

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